The candidate can choose their career to be a judge through two levels which are the lower judiciary and the higher judiciary. In the lower judiciary, fresh graduates are selected through the entrance exam. The Public service Commission of each state or the Higher Judiciary will conduct these exams. While preparing for the Judicial exam, every aspirant should be clear about what to learn and what not to focus on.
Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2023-24
Each state has its pattern of the judicial syllabus and they have their own format for the question paper. The subjects prescribed by each state will be the same and they carry the same amount of weight as far as the marks allotted to the questions are concerned.
Judiciary Prelims Syllabus 2023
- General Knowledge and Current Affairs
- Proficiency In English Language and Aptitude
- Constitutional law
- IPC, CPC, CrPC and The Indian Evidence Act
- Contract Law and Tort Law
- Transfer of Property law
Along with these subjects, there are a few states which have other topics as well:
Proficiency in their official language: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur, and Nagaland.
Bihar: Elementary general Science, Administrative law, Hindu and Muslim personal laws, Principles of Equity, Law of trusts, Specific Relief Act, Commercial law
Chattisgarh: Accommodation Control Act, Court fees act, Registration Act and Chhattisgarh Land revenue code, Limitation, and Specific relief acts.
Delhi: Principles Governing Arbitration Law, the Partnership Act.
Goa: Sales of Goods Act, Land laws of Goa, The Scheduled Tribe, and Scheduled Caste (Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989).
Karnataka: Karnataka Rent Act.
Kerala: Kerala Building (Lease and Rent Control) Act
Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh Accommodation Control Act, Madhya Pradesh Land Revenue Code.
Judicial Mains Syllabus 2023-24
The pcs judiciary 2023 syllabus for mains exam will vary depending on each state:
Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Maharashtra, and Jammu & Kashmir
Paper I: Essay, precise writing, Grammar
Paper-II: Objective test, Aptitude Test
Paper III: Transfer of Property, Civil procedure code, Indian Contract Act, Constitution of India
Paper IV: Indian Penal Code, CrPC, Law of Torts, Indian Evidence Act
Compulsory Paper, General Knowledge (150 Marks), General Science (150 marks), General Hindi (100 Marks), General English (100 Marks), Law of Evidence and Procedure (150 Marks).
Constitutional and Administrative Law of India (150 Marks), Hindu Law and Mohammadan Law (150 Marks), Transfer of Property Act, Principles of Equity, Law of Trust and Specific Act (150 Marks), Law of Contract and Torts (150 Marks), Commercial Law, Sale of Goods Act, Negotiable Instrument Act.
- Company Law
- Partnership Act
- The candidate should attempt for 3 papers out of 5 optional papers.
- For the Hindi and English papers, the candidate should score a minimum of 30 marks out of 100 marks. The marks scored in these papers will not be considered in the overall total.
- Framing of issues and writing of judgment in civil cases (40 Marks)
- Framing of charges and writing of judgment in the criminal case (40 marks)
(i) English to Hindi (10 marks)
(ii) Hindi to English (10 marks)
General Knowledge and Language: It consists of two sections.
Section I: (General Knowledge): This is to evaluate the candidate’s knowledge of current affairs etc.
Section II (Essay, Translation, and Precis Writing): This is to evaluate the candidate’s knowledge and power of expression in the English language. Credits will be given to the candidate for both substance and expression. In case of any bad expression, faults of grammar and misuse of words, etc, the marks will be deducted. There will be two passages for translations where Hindi is translated into English and vice versa.
Civil Law-1: Indian Contract Act, Indian Sale of Goods Act, the Indian Partnership Act, Specific Relief Act, Hindu Law, Mohammadan Law, Delhi Rent Control Act, and Law of Torts.
Civil Law-II: Civil Procedure Code, Law of Evidence, Law of Limitation, and Law of Registration.
Criminal Law: Criminal Procedure Code, Indian Penal Code, and Indian Evidence Act.
Paper I: The Indian Contract act, 1872, The Specific Relief Act, 1963, The Limitation Act, 1963, Sales of Goods Act, 1930, Indian Partnership Act, 1932, The Code of Civil Procedure Code, 1908, Transfer of Property Act, 1882, The Easement Act,1882, Family Laws in Goa, Land Laws in Goa.
Paper-II: The code of Criminal procedure Code, 1973, The Indian Penal Code, 1860 The Evidence Act,1872, The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, Essay on Current Legal Topics.
Haryana & Punjab
Paper I: Civil Law I( 200 marks)-Code of Civil procedure, Punjab Courts Act, Indian Contract Act, Indian Sale of Goods Act, Indian Partnership Act, Specific Relief Act.
Paper-II: Civil Law II (200 marks)- Hindu Law, Muslim Law and Customary Law, Law of Registration and Limitation.
Paper III: Criminal Law (200 marks)- Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal procedure, Indian Evidence Act.
Paper IV: English- Essay (25 marks), Words and phrases (25 marks), Comprehension (25 marks), Corrections (25 marks).
Paper V: Language- Hindi in Devanagari Script (100/150 marks).
Paper I (Civil Law-I)
Code of Civil Procedure, Indian Evidence Act, Indian Stamp Act, Himachal Pradesh, Courts Act, 1976, Specific Relief Act.
Paper-II (Civil Law-II)
Indian Contract Act, Hindu Law, Indian Limitation Act, Transfer of Property Act, H.P. Urban Rent Control Act.
Paper-III (Criminal Law)
Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, Chapter-XVII (section 138 to 143) of the Negotiable Instruments Act, H.P. Excise Act-2011 as Applicable to the State of H.P., Wild Life Protection Act, Indian Forest Act.
English Composition: The candidate can choose from three Essays on General Subjects.
ESSAY: 100 Marks
Translation of Hindi Passage into English: 50 Marks
The Hindi paper will comprise of:-
- Translation of English passage into Hindi.
- Essay in Hindi on any topic out of three.
- Composition (Idioms and Corrections etc.).
Procedural Law (The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973), The Indian Penal Code, 1860, The Indian Evidence Act, 1872, The Limitation Act. 1963.
The Contract Act, The Sale of Goods Act, 1930, The Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881, The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, The Transfer of Property Act, 1882.
The Hindu Law and the Mohammedan Law, Rent Control Law, The Specific Relief Act, 1963, Jurisprudence.
- Hindi & English Essay, Precis Writing, Translation & Paraphrase
- Duration of Main Examination shall be of three hours for each paper
- Appearing in each paper will be compulsory.
In this paper, the candidate should translate passes from English to Kannada and vice versa. The passages will be from depositions, judgments, and documents.
The code of civil procedure, The code of criminal procedure, The Indian Evidence Act,
Principles of Pleading and the Constitution of India.
Framing of issues and writing of judgments in civil cases.
Framing of charges and writing of judgments in criminal cases.
English Grammar, General Essays, Translation or Malayam Depositions/Documents To English and interview, Precis writing.
Indian Contract Act, Transfer of Property Act, Limitation Act, Specific Relief Act, Easement Act, Kerala Building (Lease and Rent Control) Act, Hindu Succession Act, Indian Succession Act, Parts V, VI & X, Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act.
Kerala Court Fees and Suits Valuation Act, Kerala stamp Act, Legal Service Authorities Act, The Kerala Panchayati Raj Act- Chapter X, XI, XXIA &XXII, Kerala Municipality Act- Chapter IX, X, XXIV & XXV, Negotiable Instruments Act (except chapter XVII) and Registration Act.
Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act, Akbari Act, Negotiable Instrument Act.
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of children), Act, Kerala Police Act, Probation of Offenders Act, Forest Act, D.P.S. Act (provisions relating to bail and trial by Magistrates.
Code of Civil Procedure, Civil Rules of Practice, Kerala Civil Courts Act, Order in interlocutory Application/Framing of issues/judgments writing (Civil).
Code of Criminal Procedure, Criminal Rules of Practice, Framing of charges/order in Criminal Miscellaneous petitions/Judgment writing (Criminal).
Paper I: Civil Law and procedure
Paper-II: Criminal law and procedure
Paper III: Writing Skill, Court Practice, Translation, and Current Legal Knowledge
Paper V: Judgment writing
Paper I: General English
Paper-II: Procedural laws- Civil procedure code, Criminal procedure code, Indian Evidence Act
Paper III: Optional papers- Law of Crime and Law of torts, Hindu and Muslim Law, Law of Property, Law of Contract, Jurisprudence, and Constitution of India.
Paper I: Law paper I- Constitution of India, Civil procedure Code< Contact law, Tort laws, Motor vehicle law, Rent control law, Personal laws, Law of Transfer of Property.
Paper-II: Law paper II- Criminal law, Narcotic Law, Law relating to cybercrimes and electricity theft, Law of probation, Law on juvenile delinquency.
Paper III: Language paper I- Hindi essay writing and grammar
Paper IV: Language paper II- English essay writing, translation, and grammar
Paper I: Procedural law, Local law, Indian evidence Act, Limitation Act
Paper-II: Hindu Law, Contract law, Sales of goods act, Partnership Act, Specific Relief Act, General Clauses Act, transfer of property Act, Indian Penal Code, Constitutional law
Paper I: Substantive Law
Paper-II: Evidence and procedure
Paper III: Revenue and criminal law
Paper IV: The present-day- Current affairs and general knowledge
Paper V: Language
Paper I: General knowledge- History of India and Indian Culture, Geography of India, Indian Polity, Indian economy, international affairs
Paper-II: Law- Jurisprudence, International Organizations, Indian constitution, Transfer of property, Indian Evidence Act, Code of criminal procedure, Code of Civil procedure, Contract laws
Paper I: Compulsory papers- English composition, Bengali, general knowledge, Civil law, Criminal law, Contract law, Transfer of Property Act
Paper-II: Optional papers- Hindu law, Muslim law, Jurisprudence and principles of legislation, Laws relating to companies and insurance, Law of Trusts and Specific Relief, Partnership Act, Law of limitation, Constitutional law
Judiciary Exam Syllabus FAQs
Q). Is the judiciary exam syllabus pdf available?
A). Yes, the judiciary syllabus pdf is available online to download.
Q). Is the judiciary prelims syllabus the same for all the states in India?
A). No, the judiciary syllabus differs from one state to another.
Q). Do all the states have prelims and mains exams compulsorily?
A). Yes, all the states will conduct the prelims and mains exam compulsorily.
Q). Do all the state's judicial syllabus conduct the language test?
A). Not all the states, only some states conduct their official language test.
Q). Is the judiciary mains syllabus the same for all the states?
A). No, the judiciary mains syllabus will differ from one state to another.